What to do if you think you, or someone you know, is at risk of FGM:
For more information about what FGM is, and how it affects young women and girls, the Daughters of Eve website is an excellent resource:
The information below is produced by the Buckinghamshire Safeguarding Children Board
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is defined by the World Health Organisation as:
"all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons”.
FGM is considered child abuse in the UK and is a grave violation of the human rights of girls and women. It has intolerable long-term physical and emotional consequence for the survivors and has been illegal in the UK for over 30 years. It is estimated that 137,000 girls and women in the UK are affected by this practice, but this is likely to be an underestimation.
On the 31st October 2015 a new duty was introduced that requires health and social care professionals and teachers to report ‘known’ cases of FGM in girls aged under 18 to the police. For example, if a doctor sees that a girl aged under 18 has had FGM they will need to make a report to the police. Similarly, if a girl tells her teacher that she has had FGM, the teacher will need to report this to the police. A referral should also be made to Children’s Social Care.
- Information for professionals subject to the duty, including how to report
- Additional information for health care professionals on mandatory reporting
- Mandatory reporting poster for healthcare professionals
- BSCB multi-agency guidance and procedure for safeguarding girls at risk of FGM
- Buckinghamshire Strategy for Tackling Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
- Statutory Guidance on FGM (HM Government, April 2016): This multi-agency guidance on FGM should be read and followed by all persons and bodies in England and Wales who are under statutory duties to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and vulnerable adults
- FGM resource pack (Home Office, updated May 2016): This resource is designed to highlight examples from areas where effective practice has been identified and to emphasise what works in fighting FGM
- Female Genital Mutilation: The facts (leaflet on FGM)
- Together we can end FGM poster and wallet card
- A statement opposing FGM (often known as the health passport) is available in 11 languages and can be taken abroad to explain the criminal status of FGM in the UK. It outlines what FGM is, the legislation and penalties involved and the help and support available.